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Low starting salaries and only 2% of jobs in Canada require phD's.

Let this be a warning to all those going into university for the sake of going, and are pursuing fields that they know have no jobs in it, but keep telling themselves that doing a masters and phD will solve this problem for them.

Only 20% of phD graduates are able to get full-time jobs in post-secondary education.
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Is Biomedical Science a good choice?
I was thinking of taking Biomedical Science and I was wondering what job I could get with it?

I am also thinking of going into medical school but if I don't get in, I'd like to make sure that I can still get a job with my undergraduate degree.
Accounting or Finance?
Should I pursue accounting or finance? Considering future job prospects and other important factors. I don't have aspirations to work on Wall Street or anything, just a decent to well paying job. Considering that which one should I pursue?
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3rd Year Brock BBA/BAcc Co-op student, ask me anything! (Big 4 Co-op)

I'm basically always on here so figured might as well make one of these and help out any prospective students.

- First 2 years spent as BBA Co-op student, secured first coop term through BBA
- Transferred into BAcc Co-op after 2 years
- Currently doing a spring semester

You kinda get the best of both worlds since I have been in all (both) the programs offered at the Goodman School of Business!

And since I know these are gonna be popular Qs:

- Avg (both major and overall) ~80%
- ECs: Leadership position in a club, some entrepreneurial stuff, sports stuff
- Work XP: General accounting internship at no-name organization doing very basic stuff, manual labour

Since attending Brock, I have received interview requests from:

Company / Quantity / (Co-op vs summer intern, Location) 

RBC x 3 (Various positions, co-op x2 and summer intern x1, Toronto)
Big 4 Audit x3 (1x Co-op and 1x Summer intern, Toronto...1 x Co-op in Calgary)
Big 4 Summer Leadership Conferences x2 (Toronto)
CPP Investment Board (Summer Analyst, Toronto)
Scotiabank (Co-op, Toronto)
Grant Thornton Audit (Co-op, Toronto)
Canadian Tire (Co-op, GTA)
Ontario Securities Commission (CPA position, summer intern, Toronto)
Mercedes-Benz Financial Services (Co-op, GTA)
TeamBuy .ca (Summer intern, Toronto)
Imperial Oil (Co-op, Calgary)
Suncor (Co-op, Calgary)
Regional CPA firm (Co-op, Hamilton area)
Small CPA firm (Co-op, Niagara region)
Publicly traded minerals company (Co-op, Toronto)
OMERS Pension Fund (Co-op, Toronto)

- Rejected from BAcc Co-op
- Accepted to BBA Co-op with 83.5% top 6

- Will be joining B4 audit in Toronto in January
- Done 8 months of co-op, not at an accounting firm
- Major average ~85, overall ~80+
- ECs, unchanged from when applying to first co-op
- Completed a couple certificates in excel

So feel free to ask me anything and I'll try to answer your Qs as best as I can!

*Even if nobody has posted in this topic for a while, feel free to do so, chances are I'm still lurking on here

Advice to high schoolers: Think carefully before you pursue a BA or BSc Degree









Take the time to read through these if you want to be informed about how the job market is for new university graduates. Most BA and BSc holders cannot find work, they have to resort to doing jobs that pay just a little above minimum wage. In case you don't make it into professional school, which has less than 10% acceptance rates, consider what other career opportunities are available to you with your chosen degree path? Why are you going to university in the first place? Who is financing your education? What do you hope to make out of your degree?

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90% of threads here on engineering...
Do you guys know that the job market for engineers in Canada has been terrible for the last decade or so, and while being a more employable and versatile undergraduate degree than most others, it also has the highest workload and is the most difficult to get a good GPA in?

As long as you guys understand this you're good. Just don't expect it to get you a job right away or to make six figures. Engineers don't make that much money in Canada. Do some research and inform yourself before blindly rushing into engineering thinking there are jobs in the field. 
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best social science school

so I want to get an undergrad in a social science/humanities(poli sci or psych)  and then go on to law school

which schools in Ontario have a good (large, variety of course, well funded) social science department? are easy to get a high GPA in ? and have a good social life/ campus feel

so far I'm looking at York, Western, Queens and Guelph

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The Value in a Business Education
Where's the value in getting a business degree? 

We're living in a digital age where everything can be found online. Why are people dishing out $50, 000 for a 4 year business degree when they can learn everything online, still participate in the same events and conferences, get real world experience with unpaid internships, and maybe even audit classes without enrolling. 

I guess the real question is, can you get a job on Bay street without a business degree if you can prove you know everything a business student knows? I've done the research. At first I didn't believe an accounting graduate makes 45k upon graduation based on the university's statistics. Then I asked around, real university students, and they confirmed. Why is everyone fighting to get a spot in Canada's top business schools when they make less than a TTC transit driver, or a full time sales associate at Moores? 

Looking at this purely financially, the ROI of a university degree is not there. Granted, it gives you the opportunity to move up in the business world, but can't you do that anyways? Even with 10 years experience as an accountant, the average pay is 80k. If you're thinking about this in the "Following your passion perspective" and avoiding all financials mentioned above, can't you learn faster on your own? Yes, the "quality" of employment may be better than a TTC driver upon graduation, but who says quality is sitting in a cubicle 8 hours a day being told what to do. 

These youngsters on Bay street paid 50k to attend U of T so they can pounce around in their fancy suit and tie and call themselves successful even though they're making 10k below Canada's average income. 

This is how I see it: why not fully customize your education to your liking. Contact small companies, ask to shadow employees, find unpaid internships, get several part time jobs in every industry you love. Work 9 to 5 and spend your evenings mastering what you love through online education. An education that's completely free and 100% controlled by you. Want an international co-op program? Spend 3 months in the Valley interning at a small tech startup while learning how to code PHP during your evenings, all while staying under the 50k budget you would otherwise spend getting a piece of paper. 

I have hope that societal norms are moving forward. That you no longer require a degree to get a really good job. That a piece of paper doesn't determine your status, but knowledge does. University education forces us to sit in a class and listen to someone explain how to solve a problem that we don't have. I'm looking for an education where the problem is identified first, then the solution is learned, creatively.

Looking to hear some of your thoughts and opinions.
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Canadian Student at Yale - Ask Me Anything
I've noticed that there are a lot of misconceptions about applying to schools in the US.  As someone who just went through the process and did a lot of research, I'd love to answer any questions and help clear things up :)

I was also admitted to other Ivies, Waterloo BME and CS/BBA, U of T EngSci, Western Engineering + Ivey, among others, so I can answer questions about those as well.
For those going into BSc/ BA degrees... What's your backup career option?
For those pursuing general life science, health science, biology, chemistry, physics, arts, philosophy, political science, criminology, psychology, etc. 

What are your career options? I'm sure most of you are hoping to go to professional school, but only the elite students are accepted into these programs. What are your backup career options that you would be fine going into and are a more realistic possibility? I'm sure I don't have to tell you guys what the job prospects look like for BComm and BEng graduates, so imagine how much worse off we'll be with generic BSc or BA degrees (this isn't including computer science, nursing).
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Business Schools
Hi, I want to pursue a career in business, but I don't know which school to go to. I've heard great things about Laurier's  BBA program, plus if you get into their co-op it gives you an extra edge because of work experience. But what about other programs, like Schulich at York, Ivey at Western, Degroote, or Brock? What sets those programs apart, because I've heard now that a BBA is now very general, and employers look for experience, which Laurier offers, but none of these do. 
Can I please have an unbiased opinion, not which school is best based on where you go, also can you state your experience?
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Is their any good business careers that have decent pay which aren't accounting or Investment Banking? That's all everyone talks about on here.
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Benefits of Law/HBA dual degree?
just out of curiosity,  would this double degree give you a big advantage in consulting or investment banking?  Since being a successful consultant/investment banker does require a pretty good understanding of laws.
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Actuarial Science or CS
Help! I still don't know what program I should go for!

I am thinking of doing CS or actuarial science. I don't really have background in any of this but I enjoy mathematics and am doing pretty well in it right now. 

If I choose CS, I will have to learn some basic programming before going off to university. Some of the uni website mentioned that it is okay for me not to have any knowledge in programming though. 
Also, I heard that compared to actuarial science, it is easier to find job with a CS degree?

If I choose actuary, well, I don't think a lot of people study it before going to university, so I won't be left too far behind, everyone will have fair start. But then it is tough to find a job now. Moreover there are many exams to take?

So, CS or actuarial science?
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Accounting or Computer Science?
I am in grade 12 and can't decide which path to take.
I excel in Accounting, I got 97% when I took grade 11 accounting in grade 10,
and I am currently getting 99% right now. It comes so easy for me, but what I'm scared about in going to this position is that you have to talk a lot, if you want to become a CPA/CA. The thing is I'm more intrapersonal. I can talk to people if I have to, and can easily talk with friends and family. I've had a part time job which required a lot of talking to customers which drained me. :/
Computer Science on the other hand, I get high 80s - low 90s. I like to do it because it has to do with technology and I'm all about technology, but I'm not the best at it. If I can't solve a problem, I get really frustrated and it bothers me. Sometimes I may give up. But I do love the feeling of solving a program. I am also scared about the future and not getting a good job security, and job interviews which require you to problem solve on the spot (I can't do that because I have to think things through).
I am limited to the university I want to go to. I can only commute due to financial reasons. So if I were to apply for accounting, I want to apply for Schulich or Rotman but it requires a video essay, and like I said I'm not fond of communicating. Also, I don't have a lot of extracurricular so that might not help me out. If I were to go for computer science, I would apply for uoft or york.

Thanks for the help!
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University Application Process
Hey everyone,

Could someone provide a sort of timeline to the application process for university? At our school we had a presentation saying that the whole process would start in October. And... It's October 1st tomorrow.

Just generally, what are the important times throughout the school year? And important things to know? 

I know deadlines for most applications are in January... but do you start the process on your own at home or at the guidance office? I'm always scared I'll miss something and not know about it.

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High schoolers- Business and Engineering is incredibly saturated. Be very careful and aware of what you're getting yourself into.
Been getting more and more of these threads lately. All these high schoolers seem to think they'll be working on Bay street or Wall Street making close to six figures. The average business graduate is lucky to make even 40k. Do some research and don't go into it because you have this idea that'll you be rocking suits everyday and working in high rise buildings downtown. 

Engineering hopefuls, http://www.ospe.on.ca/news/211331/New-OSPE-report-on-the-crisis-of-underemployment-among-Ontarios-engineers.htm

Recently as many as 50,000 engineers were laid off in Alberta. If you're willing to move to the US you're good, otherwise Canada is prone to massive outsourcing and layoffs of engineers. Be very careful and aware of what you're getting yourself into. Do not go into these fields simply because you believe them to be stable, jobs plentiful and pay highly. Go into them because you are truly passionate and dedicated about the field (in the case of business this is a very small minority). The MBA is the new undergrad degree, employers don't care if you have one, it's really easy to get it. The CPA is also handed out like hotcakes these days (see Linkedin). 

As for who I am, I completed a business degree at a top school, and switched career paths and went to professional school. This country does not respect engineers or business graduates. We should be following the US system of having no business undergrads in general, might be what's contributing to massive student debt and no jobs afterward.
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What Do You Want To Be
I see a lot of people on this forum unaware of the amount of jobs in this world. The only high-paying occupations people seem to acknowledge and aspire to be are doctors, lawyers, or investment bankers or accountants. 
I think you all should take a look at http://www.shmoop.com/careers/
before you guys dedicate 4/5 years to a path for a potential career you may hate....
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Can I do business with a psychology degree?
I know I have options like HR or marketing but are there any other options?

Also, how common is it for psychology majors to land jobs in HR and marketing?

*I'm talking about a bachelor of psychology (arts).
*I'm also willing to get a masters in psychology. 

Alright, so I have a better chance with a business degree.
One more question: Does it matter what business program I go to?
I'm interested in Western's Psychology/HBA Combined Degree Program.
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Paramedic AMA, Ask Me Anything!
Ever seen someone having a medical emergency, and everybody's looking at each other with no idea what to do? Or even worse, you're having a medical emergency and nobody knows what to do. This is what inspired me to become a paramedic.

I drove past an SUV that was stopped at a pedestrian crossing. In front of that car, a young woman lay on the pavement. She wasn't moving. A small crowd had gathered. The faint sound of sirens echoed in the distance. Well, at least somebody called for help. If only someone knew what to do in these crucial first few minutes.

In another instance, an elderly woman carrying a small bag of groceries felt dizzy and collapsed to the floor at the sky train station. Someone had knelt down to talk to her, and asked me to call 9-1-1. It was my first time dialing 9-1-1. A pretty nifty experience, although I was terrified at the time.

Anything can happen at any given time. I felt that it was so dumb that nobody knew what to do. 'Well maybe I can make a difference. Maybe next time, I'll know what to do' I thought.

I started with a 3-week advanced first aid course. I didn't plan on becoming a professional, I just wanted to know what to do if something happened. I discovered that I loved the course, so I decided to go through paramedic school.

If you're curious about becoming a paramedic, I would suggest taking an advanced first-aid course to try it out and see how you like it. The best thing is, even if you decide not to take it further, there are plenty of jobs out there as first aid attendants. I worked an entire summer earning $17/hr (Canadian dollars!) doing first aid for warehouses, construction sites, and manufacturing facilities. You can even volunteer at rock concerts, raves, marathons and sporting events, and see all kinds of fascinating emergency medicine scenarios behind-the-scenes.

Read about the most compelling and deeply moving experience that I've had as a paramedic on my blog: http://wayneskickasswebsite.com/

I hope you've found this interesting, but perhaps you have more questions? Go ahead! Ask me anything!
Road to UX Designer
Hi there!
I'm currently a grade twelve student who has no idea which program is of best fit to her. Because UX design is still a fairly new career, there is no distinctive degree or path for it.

I was wondering if anyone can suggest programs that are relevant in going into UX design? 
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Financial modeling at UWO ?
what is the difference between financial modeling and actuarial science? do i have to get accepted by actuarial science first then major in financial modeling after?
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